How long did it take to build Petra
To learn more about how long did it take to build Petra in Jordan, the below facts might be useful to provide an overview of the history which occurred in Petra area.
Who Built Petra in Jordan
The area surrounding Petra and the wadis were inhabited by Neolithic villages since around 7000 BC.
In the Iron age, the area of Petra was inhabited by the Edomites, and their capital Sela, was based on top of Umm al-Biyara. Sela is mentioned in the Bible.
After that, the Nabataeans settled in the area around the 6th century BC. The Nabataeans were known for their organized trades in which over 500 years they used their wealth to built the famous Petra. The Nabataeans created their own script writing, they built dams and water channels to protect the city.
During the rule of King Aretas III, the Nabataeans had to buy off the Romans in exchange for independence. Roman influence was evident on the buildings in Petra.
After that, the Nabataeans sided against the Romans in the Parthian war and they paid a large tribute to the Roman victors. The Nabataeans fell behind in paying their tribute which was due, and were hence invaded by Herod the Great twice, in which he was able to control a large part of their territory, including the northern trading routes into Syria.
Nevertheless, King Aretas IV, who ruled from 9 BCE until 40 CE, built a chain of settlements along the caravan routes in order develop the trade.
As Nabataeans realized the power of Rome, they allied themselves with the Romans to quell the Jewish uprising around 70 CE. Shortly after that, the Nabataea fell under direct Roman rule. Rabbel II, the last Nabataean monarch, agreed with the Romans that as long as they did not attack during his lifetime, they would be allowed to move in after his death. Upon his death in 106 CE, the Romans claimed the Nabataean Kingdom and renamed it Arabia Petrea. During that time, Petra was redesigned according to traditional Roman architectural designs, and a period of relative prosperity ensued under the Pax Romana.
During the 4th century CE, the Nabataeans are believed to have left their capital at Petra. There is no clear fact to explain why they left, but it seems that the withdrawal was an unhurried and organized process, as very few silver coins or valuable possessions have been unearthed at Petra.
Jordan Petra Transport and Tours
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